Fifty Nifty Takeaways
What do we hope to learn from this series? We hope you will gain a better understanding of the unique characteristics of local government in each state, we hope you will learn that there are others like you who are motivated to make a difference through the public sector, and we hope you will learn that it is best to learn from other’s mistakes than yours.
Our Take on North Carolina
The 50 Nifty visits North Carolina at a time when the state is seemingly in the news nightly, and not for the best of reasons. The latest newsworthy mention occurred when a Buncombe County Republican precinct chairman appeared on the Daily Show and spouted off a few unmentionable comments. How unmentionable? He no longer has that position.
While enough material exists from recent events in North Carolina that we could fill up a separate blog, we will focus on the positive, and what better way to do so than by hearing from one of the most respected planning experts in the country, Mitchell Silver, City of Raleigh. Mitchell has earned a national reputation through his work with the American Planning Association and through transforming the capital city of North Carolina.
Do you want to have dinner with Mitchell? Some ELGL members do. Elise Scolnick, City of Damascus, listed Mitchell in an ELGL Lightning Round feature along with Maya Angelou and Dennis Kemmis as the three people she would most like to have dinner with. That’s pretty high praise but before we learn why Mitchell is dinner worthy, let’s educate ourselves on North Carolina.
The Old North State is home to Andy Griffin, Michael Jordan, NASCAR Hall of Fame, Pepsi, and Krispy Kreme. The unofficial song of North Carolina is “Carolina on My Mind” by James Taylor, right? Not necessarily, some newer North Carolina residents might point to “Raise Up” by Petey Pablo. The rapper spends most of the song naming the many small cities and towns in North Carolina. Who knew Petey Pablo was so civic minded!
North Carolina is a strong proponent of the council-manager form of government. It’s largest cities Charlotte, Raleigh, Greensboro, Asheville, and Winston-Salem all employ city manager. An MPA is almost as common as an MBA in North Carolina with more than 10 schools offering an MPA.
Unfortunately, a well educated workforce does not completely eliminate bad laws from being passed, as evident by these:
- Asheville: If you have to sneeze you better not do it on a city street! Sneezing on city streets is illegal.
- Charlotte: Women must have their bodies covered by at least 16 yards of cloth at all times.
- Kill Devil Hills: You may not ride a bicycle without having both your hands on the handle bars.
- Rocky Mount: It is required that you must pay a property tax on your dog.
- Greensboro: Restaurants “with on sidewalk dining” must post their menu so that it is clearly readable from the sidewalk, but is not readable from the street.
City of Raleigh, Chief Planning & Development Officer and Planning Director
Past President of American Planning Association
Education: Pratt Institute B.Arch, Architecture & Regional Planning and Hunter College, MUP, Urban Planing
Mitchell Silver is Chief Planning & Development Officer and Planning Director for the City of Raleigh, North Carolina. Mitchell is also president (2011-2013) of the American Planning Association (APA). As Chief, Mitchell oversees a business enterprise that includes 230 employees, three departments (City Planning, Community Development and Inspections) and four offices (Transportation Planning, Economic Development, Development Services and the Urban Design Center). Mitchell serves on the City’s Executive Leadership team with the City Manager, Assistant City Managers, CFO and CIO.
Mitchell is an award-winning planner with over 25 years of experience. He is nationally recognized for his leadership in the planning profession and his contributions to contemporary planning issues. He specializes in comprehensive planning, land use planning and implementation strategies. Before coming to Raleigh in 2005, Mitchell had worked as Policy and Planning Director in New York City, a Principal of a New York City-based planning firm, a Town Manager in New Jersey and Deputy Planning Director in Washington, DC.
As Planning Director in Raleigh, he has led the comprehensive plan update process to create a vibrant 21st century city. He is now overseeing a rewrite of the City’s Development Code. Since coming to Raleigh in 2005, Mitchell has been an outspoken advocate to transform Raleigh into a world class city with a modern transit system and great streets, great places and great neighborhoods.
Mitchell received a Bachelor’s Degree in Architecture from Pratt Institute and a Master’s Degree in Urban Planning from Hunter College. He is certified by the American Institute of Certified Planners (AICP) and a licensed Professional Planner (PP) in the State of New Jersey.
Raleigh is the capital and the second largest city in the state of North Carolina.
Raleigh is an early example in the United States of a planned city, chosen as the site of the state capital in 1788 and incorporated in 1792 as such. The city was originally laid out in a grid pattern with the North Carolina State Capitol in Union Square at the center. In the United States Civil War the city was spared from any significant battle, only falling in the closing days of the war, though it did not escape the economic hardships that plagued the rest of the American South during the Reconstruction Era. The twentieth century saw the opening of the Research Triangle Park in 1959, and with the jobs it created the region and city saw a large influx of population, making it one of the fastest growing communities in the United States by the early 21st century.
Raleigh, NC is number three on the 2013 Forbes List for being the best place for businesses and careers. Companies based in Raleigh include BB&T Insurance Services, Capitol Broadcasting Company, Carquest, First Citizens BancShares, Golden Corral, Martin Marietta Materials, and Red Hat.
Raleigh operates under a council-manager government. Raleigh City Council consists of eight members; all seats, including the Mayor’s, are open for election every two years. Five of the council seats are district representatives and two seats are citywide representatives elected at-large.
Notable People from Raleigh
- Josh Hamilton, baseball player for the Los Angeles Angels
- Andrew Johnson, 17th President of the United States
- Evan Rachel Wood, actress
- David Sedaris, writer
- Michael C. Hall, actor Dexter
Best piece of advice from your parents. You must go to college.
In a dream world, which bands would headline your retirement party?
Alicia Keys and the Brooklyn Tabernacle Choir (or at least as many of choir members that can fit in the room) with a solo from Karen Melendez Rampersad.
(Complete the sentence) Before I die I want to……shoot a documentary film about planning.
Three most influential books in your life.
- The Bible
- Image of the City by Kevin Lynch
- Experience of Place by Tony Hiss
If you could FaceTime with five people (dead or alive and not including family members), who would be on the list?
- Bill Clinton
- Barack Obama
- Rachel Maddow
- Jane Jacobs
- Colin Powell
Describe the inside of your car.
Clean beige leather interior with not clutter.
What’s the meaning of life?
Be content in every situation and find your purpose and fulfill it.
Q & A with Mitchell
Give us three bullet points that best describe local government in North Carolina.
- A Dillon Rule hybrid
- Council- Manager form of government
- Traditionally non-partisan
We’ll assume you didn’t grow up dreaming about a career in local government. What was your dream job as a 12-year old? What was your first local government job? How did you end up in local government?
My dream job at the age of 12 was to be an actor or a film-maker. My first government job was city planner with the New York City Department of City Planning. I ended up in local government because I had an internship in a local planning and found public service extremely rewarding.
Give us your top three career accomplishments.
- Developed a plan that helped transform abandoned waterfront along the Hudson River into a dynamic destination park called Harlem in the River. Today, the waterfront is connected to the Harlem community and residents now have access to recreation, open space and the water.
- Developed innovative plans, codes and strategies that have helped Raleigh transition from a mid-city to one of the best planned and emerging cities in the 21st Century.
- As president as the American Planning Association, I helped reignite a new era in planning based on emerging challenges and issues. There is now a renewed focus on the role of planning, a planners’ sense of purpose, planning for place and people, and planning for growth or change.
Editor’s Note: Mitchell was selected by UBM’s Future Cities as one of the top innovators in urban policy for his work in New York City, Washington, D.C., and Raleigh, North Carolina.
We often learn from our mistakes. Name one or two career mistakes that you have made that you think we could learn from.
I allowed a report to be finalized and released after the key issues staff was trying to solve were no longer relevant. My decision wasted staff time and money printing a report that had no practical use. My rationale to release the report was based on the 12 months of work staff had already invested. That was a mistake and a poor decision.
What is the lesson? Release a report that offers value and has a strong likelihood of implementation. Don’t base your decision on the amount of staff time spent on a study. Have the courage to terminate a project before it concludes if new circumstances warrant it.
Our experience has been many of our friends, family, and neighbors are not well versed in what it is we do in local government, many think we are a “planner” or “mayor”. Has this been your experience?
No, that has not been my experience. I have described my role as protecting the public interest. In that capacity, I see my role as a doctor for cities. My role is to make sure cities (place and people) remain healthy, vibrant and prosperous for present and future generations. I have also described what I do as an architect for cities. Both examples have worked well.
How can local governments better communicate their role in the everyday lives of the community?
Local governments should first talk in plain English and avoid jargon. To be a good communicator means you must be a good listener. Local government leaders must learn how to listen and observe so that can better serve their stakeholders.
Simply put, the role of local government is to maintain a healthy economy, deliver services to retain a strong quality of life and efficiently manage the land and its systems. Most importantly, local government must protect the public interest: the public health, safety and welfare for present and future generations. If we don’t protect the public interest, who will?
Would you encourage your family and friends to consider a career in local government?
Yes. To serve the public and to protect the public interest is a valuable role.
Hypothetically, if we find ourselves interviewing for a job in front of you, talk about three steps we can take to make a good impress.
- Communicate want you can you for my city and not just what you have done in the past
- Be a good listener and strong communicator
- Understand the role of the job you
Mentoring is such an important part of local government. Name three of your mentors.
(Complete the sentence) In 2018, local government will be …………more regional focused, smarter and more efficient.
What question(s) should we have asked you?
If you could change one perception about local government, what would it be?
Answer? The stereotypes. Public sector professionals are leaders, innovators, experts, game changers, problem solvers, heros and so on. I am proud to work for local government and I am honored to protect the public interest.
- What is the Purpose of Planning?
- Economic Development and Planning: It’s a Match!
- Mitchell Silver: Redesigning the way we live
- Interview with Mitchell Silver
- Citiwire.net » Mitchell Silver
- Graying, browning of America – PlanCharlotte
- APA Seeks to Rejuvenate Planning Profession
50 Nifty Tour Stops
- IL: Patrick Rollens, Village of Oak Park, Communications and Social Media
- Kentucky: Laura Milam Ross, Kentucky League of Cities
- AZ: Gabriel L. Engeland, Town of Gilbert, Assistant to the Town Manager
- SD: Sean Pederson, City of Canton, City Manager
- MI: Clay Pearson, City of Novi, City Manager
- WA/UT: Jon Amundson, City of Richland, WA and City of Orem, UT
- CA, FL, OR: Douglas Ayres, Former City Manager of Inglewood (CA), Melbourne (FL), and Salem (OR)
- California: Brian Angus, Fresno Economic Opportunities Commission, Chief Executive Officer
- Washington/California: Julie Underwood, Shoreline City Manager
- New York: Jay Gsell, Genesee County, County Manager
- Arkansas: Jeff Dingman, Fort Smith Deputy City Administrator
- Connecticut: Roger Kemp, Former City Manager and Current President, Kemp Consulting
- Iowa: Geoff Fruin, City of Iowa City, Assistant to the City Manager
- Washington: Doug Schulze, Bainbridge Island City Manager and WCMA President
- Utah: Rick Davis, West Jordan City Manager
- South Carolina: Katherine Hendricks, City of Pickens
- Colorado: Tim Gagen, Breckenridge Town Manager